There is no need to hire an expensive carpet/rug cleaner to clean those tough stains or tired-looking rugs. Follow these simple steps to learn how to properly clean rugs yourself.
1. Vacuum thoroughly on both sides
First start by vacuuming both sides of the rug. Yes, even underneath, this will get rid of any lingering, unwanted dust on your rug. However, be careful when vacuuming over any fringes or bindings. If you still think your rug is very dusty, get a book or a dustpan brush and beat the rug to get any remaining dust left behind. Give the rug a few firm hits to see if any dust clouds come out and keep beating it until no more dust appears.
2. Tackle the stains
Next you need to tackle the stains individually. For water-soluble stains (coffee, chocolate, tea, wine) try 1 tablespoon of ammonia mixed with a cup of water. For any tough fat, oil or wax stains place a paper towel on top of the stain and iron over it on a warm setting, the fat should stick to the paper towel. For nail varnish, simply blot the stain with a cloth dipped in nail varnish remover. Please note that depending on the material of your rug, methods of removing stains will differ.
It is worth buying a carpet shampoo designed for the material of your rug. Once you have purchased this, take the carpet into the garden and with the garden hose, give your carpet a good rinse. Next, using a brush (a bristle one works well), work the shampoo deep into the rug. Using circular motions, scrub away all the dirt from your rug. This will take some time so be patient. When your rug is sparkling clean, leave the shampoo to soak for as long as indicated on the shampoo bottle and when the time is over, hose down the rug again. It is very important that all shampoo is removed so make sure you rinse the rug properly.
Some rugs, such as small woven or braided rugs could even be washed in the washing machine, just check the label beforehand and then place them in a mesh laundry pouch.